In this tutorial I use Laragon 3.1.x and Magento 2.2.3
Note: Magento require mod_version for Apache, and soap extension for PHP. You can enable them easily with Laragon.
If you see 500 error, just enable mod_version in (Menu > Apache > httpd.conf) and Reload Apache LoadModule version_module modules/mod_version.so
Now you should see the installation page, click "Agree and Setup Magento":
Click "Start Readiness Check", you'll see a failed check as Magento 2.2.3 needs soap extension. No worry, just click (Menu > PHP > Extensions > soap) to enable it (with Laragon, you don't need to Reload Apache):
From that time, you only need to click "Next" to process.
That's all forks.